In the Iliad of Homer, Agastrophus is a Paionian "hero", "famed for his spear", fighting on the side of Troy in the Trojan War, killed by Diomedes. He was the son of Paeon and brother of Laophoon. His death comes about as the result of a lapse in judgement. Under the influence of Ate, a kind of judgemental blindness, Agastrophus made the fatal mistake of leaving his chariot too far behind him, thus being unable to escape when he was wounded by Diomedes. After killing him Diomedes strips the "gleaming corselet of valiant Agastrophus from about his breast, and the shield from off his shoulder, and his heavy helm".
- ↑ One of 37 so called in the Illiad listed by T. F. E., "On the Homeric use of the word Ηρως" p. 78
- ↑ Homer, Iliad 11.368
- ↑ Homer, Iliad 11.336–342
- ↑ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomerica p. 112, 6.549–555; Parada, "Paeon 1." p. 135; Connor, "Paeon" p. 1096.
- ↑ Yamogata (2005), p. 27; Yamogata (1994) p. 51; North, p. 27; Williams, p. 64.
- ↑ Homer, Iliad 11.372–375
- Connor, Peter, "Paeon" in Gods, Goddeses, and Mythology, Volume 8, editor, C. Scott Littleton, Marshall Cavendish, 2005
- Homer. The Iliad with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, Ph.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924.
- North, Richard, Pagan Words and Christian Meanings, Rodopi, 1991. ISBN 9789051833058.
- Parada, Carlos, Genealogical Quide to Greek Mythology, C. Bloms Boktryckeri, 1993. ISBN 9789170810626.
- Quintus Smyrnaeus, The Trojan Epic: Posthomerica, JHU Press, 2007. ISBN 9780801886355.
- T. F. E., *"On the Homeric use of the word Ηρως", in The Philological Museum, Volume 2, editor, Julius Charles Hare, Printed by J. Smith for Deightons, 1833.
- Williams, Rev. John. "Homerus", in "The Edinburgh Review, Volume 77, A. and C. Black, 1843.
- Yamogata, Naoko, Homeric Morality, BRILL, 1994. ISBN 9789004098725.
- Yamogata, Naoko, "Disaster revisited: Ate and the Litai in Homer's Iliad" in Personification in the Greek World: From Antiquity to Byzantium Editors, Emma Stafford, Judith Herrin, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2005. ISBN 9780754650317.