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Template:Refimprove An apple of discord is a reference to the Golden Apple of Discord (Template:Lang-el) which, according to Greek mythology, the goddess Eris (Gr. Ερις, "Strife") said that she would give "to the fairest" at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, sparking a vanity-fueled dispute between Hera, Athena and Aphrodite that eventually led to the Trojan War[1] (for the complete story, see The Judgement of Paris). Thus, "apple of discord" became a euphemism for the core, kernel, or crux of an argument, or for a small matter that could lead to a bigger dispute. The Ancient Greek word "μήλον" also means sheep or goat.[2].

Derivative usesEdit

Because of this, the Roman goddess corresponding to the Greek Eris was named "Discordia". Also, in German and in Dutch, the words are used a lot more often colloquially than in English, though in German the colloquial form is not Apfel der Zwietracht (lit. "Apple of Discord") but Zankapfel ("Quarrel-apple") and rarely Erisapfel - the Dutch is Twistappel ("Strife-apple").

File:Illadeladiscordia.jpg


In the Eixample district of Barcelona there is a block nicknamed in Spanish, la manzana de la discordia, manzana meaning both "apple" and "city block". It was so named because it features three different interpretations of Modernisme architecture: Antoni Gaudí's Casa Batlló, Lluís Domènech i Montaner's Casa Lleó Morera and Josep Puig i Cadafalch's Casa Amatller.

"To the Fairest"Edit

The word ΚΑΛΛΊΣΤῌ (Template:Lang-grc, Modern Greek: καλλίστη kallisti; "for/to the most beautiful") [3] was inscribed on the Golden Apple of Discord by Eris. Καλλίστῃ is the dative singular of the feminine superlative of καλός, beautiful. In Latin sources, the word is pulcerrimae.

File:Kallistei.JPG

Since the wedding of Peleus and Thetis was held on Mount Pelion in Magnesia, the inscription would have been in the local Cumae alphabet. Nestor's Cup provides a close example.

DiscordianismEdit

The word Kallisti has become a principal symbol of the modern religion Discordianism. In non-philological texts (such as Discordian ones) the word is usually spelled (via back-translation) as καλλιστι, while most versions of Principia Discordia actually spell use καλλιχτι. In the afterword of the 1979 Loompanics edition, the author Gregory Hill said that was because on his IBM typewriter not all Greek letters coincided with Latin ones and he didn't know enough at the time to spot the mistake.

Other usesEdit

  • Kallisti (Καλλίστη) is also an ancient name of Santorini.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Apollodorus Epitome E.3.2-3
  2. Entry μῆλον at Liddell & Scott.
  3. Apollodorus Epitome E.3.2

Template:Discordianismbg:Ябълката на раздора cs:Jablko sváru de:Zankapfel es:Manzana de la discordia eo:Pomo de la malakordo is:Þrætuepli it:Pomo della discordia nl:Twistappel pl:Jabłko niezgody pt:Pomo da Discórdia ru:Яблоко раздора uk:Яблуко розбрату zh:金苹果事件

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