| [[Detail from Calypso receiving Telemachus and Mentor in the Grotto by William Hamilton|250px]]|
Detail from Calypso receiving Telemachus and Mentor in the Grotto by William Hamilton
Calypso (Template:Pron-en; Template:Lang-el, Kalupsō) was a nymph in Greek mythology, who lived on the island of Ogygia, where she kept Odysseus prisoner for a number of years. She is generally said to be the daughter of the Titan Atlas.
Calypso is remembered most for her role in Homer's Odyssey, in which she imprisons the fabled Greek hero Odysseus on her island in order to make him her immortal husband. According to Homer, Calypso kept Odysseus hostage at Ogygia for seven years, while Pseudo-Apollodorus says five years and Hyginus says one. Odysseus, however, wants to return home to his beloved wife Penelope. His patron goddess Athena asks Zeus to order the release of Odysseus from the island, and Zeus sends Hermes to tell Calypso to set Odysseus free.
Homer does not mention any children by Calypso. By some accounts, which come after the Odyssey, Calypso bore Odysseus a son Latinus though Circe is usually given as Latinus' mother. In other accounts Calypso bore Odysseus two children, Nausithous and Nausinous.
The origins of Calypso's name are uncertain. Καλύπτειν (kalyptein, "to run away in fear", from which apocalypse is also derived) suggests that Calypso may originally have been a death goddess. The spelling of Calypso music reflects a later folk-etymological assimilation with the mythological name and is not otherwise related to the goddess.
- ↑ Homer, Odyssey, 1.14, 1.50; Apollodorus, Library . She is sometimes referred to as Atlantis (Ατλαντίς), which means the daughter of Atlas, see the entry Ατλαντίς in Liddell & Scott, and also Hesiod, Theogony, 938.
- ↑ Hesiod, Theogony 359
- ↑ Apollodorus, Library 1.2.7
- ↑ Homer, Odyssey 7.259
- ↑ Apollodorus, Epitome 7.24
- ↑ Hyginus, Fabulae 125
- ↑ Apollodorus, Epitome 7.24
- ↑ Hesiod, Theogony 1011
- ↑ See Hesiod, Theogony 1019, Sir James George Frazer in his notes to Apollodorus, Epitome 7.24, says that these verses "are probably not by Hesiod but have been interpolated by a later poet of the Roman era in order to provide the Latins with a distinguished Greek ancestry".
- ↑ Online Etymology Dictionary
- ↑ Wiktionary: calypso
- Grimal, Pierre, The Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Wiley-Blackwell, 1996, ISBN 9780631201021. "Calypso" p. 86
- Smith, William; Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London (1873). "Calypso"
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