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Template:Otheruses Enyo (Greek: Ἐνυώ, English translation: "warlike" in Greek mythology), was an ancient goddess of war, acting as a counterpart and companion to the war god Ares. She is also identified as his sister, and daughter of Zeus and Hera[1], in a role closely resembling that of Eris; with Homer (in particular) representing the two as the same goddess. She is also accredited as the mother of Enyalius, a minor war god, by Ares[2]. However, the name Enyalius can also be used as a title for Ares himself.

As goddess of war, Enyo is responsible for orchestrating the destruction of cities, often accompanying Ares into battle[3], and depicted "as supreme in war" [4]. During the fall of Troy, Enyo inflicted horror and bloodshed in the war, along with Eris, and Phobos ("Fear") and Deimos ("Dread"), the two sons of Ares[5]. She was also connected to the Roman goddess of war, Bellona, and the Anatolian goddess Ma.

At Thebes and Orchomenos, a festival called Homolôïa was celebrated in honour of Zeus, Demeter, Athena and Enyo was said to have received the surname of Homoloïus from Homoloïs, a priestess of Enyo.[6] A statue of Enyo, made by the sons of Praxiteles, stood in the temple of Ares at Athens.[7] Among the Graeae in Hesiod[8] there is one called Enyo.

ReferencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. Quintus Smyrnaeus 8.424
  2. Eustathius on Homer 944
  3. Homer, Iliad 5. 333, 592
  4. Pausanias, Description of Greece 4. 30. 5
  5. Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy
  6. Suid. s. v.; comp. Müller, Orchom. p. 229, 2nd edit. (cited by Schmitz)
  7. Paus. i. 8. § 5. (cited by Schmitz)
  8. Theog. 273 (cited by Schmitz)
ca:Enio

de:Enyo es:Enio fr:Ényo (déesse) id:Enyo it:Enio lt:Enio nl:Enyo ja:エニュオ pl:Enyo ru:Энио sr:Енио fi:Enyo zh:厄倪俄

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