The name Eurymachus, Evrimahos, or Eurýmakhos (Εὐρύμαχος), is attributed to the following individuals:
- In Homer’s Odyssey, Eurymachus, son of Polybus, is an Ithican nobleman and one of the two leading suitors of Penelope, the other being Antinous. He, along with the majority of his fellow suitors, shows no regard for the Greek custom of xenia or guest-friend hospitality; Eurymachus is arrogant, disrespectful, and consumes food and drink without the slightest reciprocation. Although he arranges for the death of Odysseus’ son, Telemachus, his plan fails and he is later killed by Odysseus. After Antinous is shot, Eurymachus appeals to Odysseus, blaming Antinous for all the trouble that had been caused. Odysseus, however, maintains that killing will continue until he has satiated his taste for vengeance, whereupon he shoots an arrow into Eurymachus’ chest, stopping him dead.
- Eurymachus also refers to one of the 180 Theban soldiers who were taken prisoner in the Theban siege of Plataea. All of the Theban soldiers were killed after the Plataeans brought everyone living outside of their walls into the city after unrequited negotiation with Thebes's nightly backup troops. Thucydides states that Eurymachus was "a man of great influence at Thebes," and that the Platean, Naucleides, arranged with him to bring in "a little over 300" Theban troops in the middle of the night, for a sneak attack. This event touched off the Peloponnesian War.
Homer. Odyssey. Trans. Stanley Lombardo. Canada: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 2000. Print.
- ↑ Book XXII: 48-93