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In Greek mythology, Eurytus is the name of numerous characters.

The kingEdit

King Eurytus, Erytus (Ἔρυτος), or Eurytos (Εὔρυτος) of Oechalia (Οἰχαλίᾱ – Oikhalíā), Thessaly, was the son of Melaneus and either Stratonice or Oechalia.

He married Antiope, daughter of Pylo and had these children: Iphitus, Clytius, Toxeus, Deioneus, Molion, Didaeon, and a very beautiful daughter, Iole. A late legend also attributes Eurytus as the father of Dryope, by his first wife.

Eurytus' grandfather was Apollo, the archer-god, and was also a famed archer. Eurytus has been noted by some as the one who taught Heracles the art of archery.

According to Homer, Eurytus became so proud of his archery skills that he challenged Apollo. The god killed Eurytus for his presumption, and Eurytus' bow was passed to Iphitus, who later gave the bow to his friend Odysseus. It was this bow that Odysseus used to kill the Suitors who had wanted to take his wife, Penelope.

A more familiar version Eurytus' death involves a feud with Heracles. Eurytus promised the hand of his daughter Iole to whoever who could defeat him and his sons in an archery contest. Heracles won the archery contest, but Eurytus reneged on his promise, fearing that Heracles would go mad and kill any children he had with Iole, just as he has slew the children he had with Megara.

Heracles left in anger, and soon after twelve of Eurytus' mares were stolen. Some have written that Heracles stole the mares himself, while others have said Autolycus stole the mares and sold them to Heracles.

In the search for the mares, Iphitus, who was convinced of Heracles' innocence, invited Heracles to help and stayed as Heracles' guest at Tiryns. Heracles invited Iphitus to the top of the palace walls and, in a fit of anger, threw Iphitus to his death. For this crime, Heracles was forced to serve the Lydian queen Omphale as a slave for either one or three years.

After Heracles had married Deianeira, he returned to Oechalia with an army. Revenge-driven, Heracles sacked the city and killed Eurytus and his sons, then took Iole as his concubine. The act eventually led to Heracles' own death, as Deianeira, fearing that Heracles loved Iole more, gave Heracles a robe smeared with the blood of the Centaur Nessus, believing it was a love-charm. The blood was poisoned by the blood of the hydra (which the arrow that Heracles shot Nessus with had been dipped in). When the robe goes to Heracles, it eats into Heracles' flesh and causes his death. [1]

The son of PoseidonEdit

Eurytus was one of the twin sons of Molio, by either Poseidon or Actor. His brother was Cteatus. They were called the Molionides.

The son of HermesEdit

Eurytus was the son of Hermes and Antianira. He was one of the Argonauts, and also hunted the Calydonian Boar. Also known as Erytus.

The father of HippasusEdit

Eurytus was the father of Hippasus, one of the men who hunted the Calydonian Boar.[2] He was also one of Pythagoras' followers.

The son of HippocoönEdit

Eurytus, son of Hippocoön was killed, along with his brothers, by Heracles.

The son of AugeasEdit

Eurytus was the son of Augeas, king of Elis. Augeas exiled Eurytus for supporting Hercules in his dispute with the hero, who as one of his Twelve Labours was to clean Augeas' stables in a single day. When he succeeded in the apparently impossible task, Augeas refused to give Hercules one tenth of his cattle, the promised reward. Heracles gave his kingdom to Phyleus for his support.

Eurytus from ElisEdit

Eurytus was the Greek leader of the Edeans and Taphians during the Trojan WarTemplate:Fact. He was killed by Eurypylus.

Eurytus the EthiopianEdit

Eurytus was a chieftain at the court of king CepheusTemplate:Fact, and was killed during the battle between Perseus and Phineus. He was killed by Perseus.

Eurytus the Carian KingEdit

Eurytus was the king of Caria and the father of EidotheaTemplate:Fact.

Eurytus, the GiantEdit

Eurytus was one of the giant sons of Gaea. He was killed, by Dionysos, during the battle of the giants versus the gods.

Eurytus, the CentaurEdit

Eurytus was a Centaur present at the wedding of Pirithous and Hippodamia. The most violent of the centaurs involved in the battle with the Lapiths, he was killed by Theseus.

Eurytus, Father of ClonusEdit

Eurytus was the father of ClonusTemplate:Fact.

Eurytus, the Spartan WarriorEdit

Eurytus or Eurýtos was the name of a Spartan warrior, one of the Three Hundred sent to face the Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. Eurytus and a companion, Aristodemus were stricken with eye infections and ordered to return home. Eurytus turned back and ordered his helot attendant to lead him back to the battle. He entered the battle blind and was slain. Aristodemus returned to Sparta disgraced, but redeemed himself at the battle of Plataea the following year, by fighting with berserker-like rage.

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/Eurytus.html
  2. CALYDONIAN BOAR : Giant boar of Aetolia, labor Meleager ; Greek mythology ; pictures : HUS KALYDONIOS
bg:Еврит (митология)

cs:Eurytos de:Eurytos es:Éurito fr:Eurytos (Œchalie) it:Eurito lt:Euritas ja:エウリュトス pl:Eurytos pt:Eurito ru:Еврит sr:Еурит uk:Евріт

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