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The Halizones (Greek Ἁλιζῶνες, also Halizonians or Alazones) are an obscure people that appear in Homer's Iliad as allies of Troy during the Trojan War. Their leaders were Odius and Epistrophus, said by Apollodorus to be sons of a man named Mecisteus. According to Homer, the Halizones came from "Alybe far away, where is the birth-place of silver,..." Strabo (in his Geography) speculates that "Alybe far away" may originally have read as "Chalybe far away", and he suggests that the Halizones may have been Chalybes, as well as Khaldi.

There has been much speculation since as to the origin of the name 'Halizones', with connections to both 'Amazons' and the River Halys both suggested. It is not even clear that the Halizones ever existed, or even if Homer knew they existed.

Homer's scholiast derived the name from hals, sea, explaining that they lived in a land surrounded by the sea. However he stated elsewhere that Odius was chief of the Paphlagonians. Herodotus (4.17, 52) placed the Halizones among the Scythians in the region of modern Vinnytsia Ukraine, while Ephorus, equating them with Amazons, located them near Cyme in Asia Minor. A later scholiast to Homer calls them a Thracian tribe[1]. Meanwhile, Pliny the Elder, Hecataeus of Miletus, Menecrates of Elaea, and Palaephatus placed the Halizones or Alazones in Mysia.

ReferencesEdit

Template:Characters in the Iliadam:ሓሊዞናውያን ru:Алазоны

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